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Table of Contents

  1. Legal requirements when a death occurs.

  2. What to do when a death occurs.

  3. Things you need before filing a death certificate.

  4. Steps to take to ease the burden of funeral planning prior to death.

  5. Available methods of disposition and other information.

  6. How to donate remains.

  7. Embalming and its purpose.

  8. How to select a funeral director.

  9. How to learn about funeral costs.

  10. Requirements regarding advertising by funeral directors.

  11. Information regarding prepaid funeral contracts.

  12. Texas Funeral Service Commission

  13. Attorney General of Texas, Consumer Protection Division

  14. Federal Trade Commission

  15. Cremation and The Transportation Security Administration (TSA)
  16. Texas Department of Criminal Justice
  17. Texas Department of Criminal Justice - General Information Guide for Families of Offenders


Legal requirements when a death occurs.

  • Contact a local law enforcement official if the death was unattended.

  • A determination of death must be made by a coroner, Justice of the Peace, or attending physician.

  • When a death occurs out of state or country it is recommended a funeral director in your local area be contacted who will know the requirements that must be met if a body is to be shipped to another location.

  • There are legal limitations regarding solicitation by a funeral director at or near the time of death. Solicitation means any direct or indirect contact with the family, next of kin, or one who has custody of a person who is deceased or near death for the purpose of securing the right to provide funeral services or merchandise for the deceased or person near death.

What to do when a death occurs.

  • Contact relatives.

  • Located deceased's letter of direction, prepaid funeral contract, insurance policy or will.

Things you need before filing a death certificate.

  • Full name of deceased

  • Occupation

  • Date of birth

  • Place of birth

  • Social Security number

  • Residence address

  • Spouse's name (maiden name)

  • Father's name, mother's maiden name

  • Place of burial or disposition

  • Discharge papers, if veteran

Steps to take to ease the burden of funeral planning prior to death.

  • Advise your family and loved ones of your wishes, by recording your wishes.

  • You may prearrange your service with your funeral director.

  • A spouse, next of kin or legal representative generally can make arrangements for disposition of the deceased.

Available methods of disposition and other information

Human remains can be buried, entombed, cremated, or donated for scientific study.

  • A family can bury its own dead without using a licensed funeral director

    • A statement of death and a death certificate are legally required. Generally, local ordinances or deed restrictions prohibit private burials within city limits. Check with the State Health Department and local zoning authorities for applicable laws.

  • A body cannot be cremated immediately following death without a waiver.

    • Texas law prohibits cremating any dead human body within 48 hours after death. The County Medical Examiner or a Justice of the Peace may waive this time requirement.

  • Cremated remains may be disposed of or kept in a number of ways:

    • Privately scattered

    • Interred in a cemetery

    • Placed in a niche in a columbarium

    • Kept by the family in their home

How to donate remains

Donation of human bodies to medical facilities can be made either directly to the facility, through a funeral establishment or by contacting the:

Anatomical Board, State of Texas

301 University Blvd.

Galveston, Texas 77555-1301

(409) 772-1293

There is a set fee for donations, which is paid be the Anatomical Board. However, this may not cover the cost of any additional services selected that are provided by the funeral home.


You can change your mind about donating you body or your organs

Prior to death, a person can revoke his or her donation by destroying or canceling the instructions or by alternate instructions to the next of kin or the person designated in the written instructions.


Embalming and its purpose

Embalming is the use of chemicals, internally and externally, to disinfect and temporarily preserve the body.

Texas law does not require embalming. Most common carriers will require a body to be embalmed prior to shipping. The laws of the destination country or state will apply. Because of the rapid deterioration of a body after death, Texas law requires that bodies held for over 24 hours or in transit must be embalmed, refrigerated, or encased in a leak and odor proof container.


How to select a funeral director

If you need a funeral director, the reference of a relative or friend who has been served satisfactorily is one way to make a decision. The best way to know in advance whom you would select is to visit the funeral home, examine the facilities and ask about prices. Consider all alternatives and consult several different firms/organizations to compare costs. Be prepared to ask questions concerning all aspects of the funeral arrangements.


How to learn about funeral costs

Funeral establishments are required to give current retail price information by telephone. By law any consumer entering an establishment and making inquiries must be presented a general price list, which the customer may keep, itemizing the costs of funeral services and the merchandise for sale from a funeral director. The retail prices, appearing on a printed or typewritten list must specify at least the charges for the following items, provided they are available for purchase through the establishment:

  1. Forwarding or receiving remains, to or from another funeral home and a list of services provided for the state price.

  2. The price range for direct cremations.

  3. The price range for immediate burial.

  4. Embalming

  5. Other preparation of the body

  6. Use of facilities and staff for viewing, funeral ceremony, memorial service, and/or graveside service.

  7. Hearses

  8. Limousines

  9. Caskets

  10. Outer burial containers, such as vaults, grave liners, and boxes. Such outer enclosures are not required by law, but may be required by the cemetery.

Additionally, the general price list must include the following:

  1. Name, address and phone number of the establishment.

  2. The effective date of the price list.

  3. Notice stating: "You may choose only the items you desire. If you are charged for items that you did not specifically request, we will explain the reason for the charges on the written memorandum. Please note that there may be charges for items such as cemetery fees, flowers and newspaper notice."

After completing all funeral arrangements, you must be given a written funeral purchase agreement, signed by the funeral director who assisted you selected from the general price list and the cost of each item.

The price of each casket must be stated and varies depending on the type. Caskets are not required by law, however, there may be cemetery or mausoleum restrictions regarding caskets and outer burial containers or vaults. The law does not require a casket for cremation but some type of container such as a cardboard box or canvas pouch is usually required by the crematory.


Caskets are constructed from various materials including steel, copper, bronze, and wood. There is no direct relationship between the protective features of the casket and the preservation of the body.

Some funeral establishments offer a fiberboard box which is sometimes covered in cloth as an alternative to purchasing a metal casket. Not all funeral establishments offer this "casket" and the price for the same item will differ from establishment to establishment. State law requires that all funeral establishments display the least expensive casket offered for sale by the establishment in the same manner as the other caskets are displayed.

Funeral establishments must prominently display the consumer brochure FACTS ABOUT FUNERALS.

Requirements regarding advertising by funeral directors

Consumer protection statutes require all advertising to be factual and clear in content. Any misrepresentations should be reported to the Texas Funeral Service Commission, the Office of the Attorney General, Consumer Protection Division, or your Better Business Bureau.


Information regarding prepaid funeral contracts

Prepaid funeral contracts are governed by Chapter 154 of the Texas Finance Code and are under the jurisdiction of the Texas Department of Banking. Such contracts are being marketed extensively and offer the opportunity to permit a person to fully consider his or her needs and wishes and control the cost and nature of funeral services desired. The contracts vary in terms and coverage and should, like any other purchase involving a substantial sum of money, be reviewed carefully before execution.


Texas law requires that any other seller of contracts for prepaid funeral arrangements must first apply and obtain a permit from the Texas Department of Banking. Do not contract with any seller who does not have such a permit, and make certain that the proposed contract meets the minimum Texas legal requirements, including that a fund has been created for the proceeds from prepaid contracts through a contract of insurance with an insurance company licensed in Texas, or that such trust fund is established in a bank or savings and loan association operated under the provisions of the Texas Trust Act.


A deposit fund is established with a financial institution approved by the Texas Department of Banking, or a fund is created by a life insurance or annuity contract with an insurance company authorized to do business in the State of Texas. If a life insurance or annuity contract is used, the Texas Department of Insurance must license the person who sells you the policy and the insurance company issuing the policy. In addition, you are entitled to receive a copy of the policy and should be sure that you understand the benefits, limitations, and exclusions. You can telephone the Texas Department of Insurance at 1-800-252-3439 or 512-463-6515 for license information on both agents and companies or for assistance in interpreting policy language.


In a deposit fund arrangement, the purchaser can cancel the contract prior to maturity and receive a refund in accordance with the terms of the contract. If you have a life insurance of annuity arrangement, you may receive only the cash surrender value, if any, as indicated in the insurance policy or annuity and the prepaid contract. Read and understand the cancellation language in the policy or annuity and in the prepaid contract. On a deposit arrangement any unpaid balance would become due at the time of the funeral. Depending on the type of insurance policy or annuity contract used to fund the prepaid insurance policy or annuity contract used to fund the prepaid funeral contract, expenses may not be paid in full. If you are unsure, question the seller and/or the Texas Department of Banking or the Texas Department of Insurance.


Should you decide or need to change funeral homes and the prepaid funeral contract is in a deposit fund you may have to cancel your contract and make other arrangements. If the prepaid contract is funded by a policy of insurance you may be able to transfer the contract and keep the insurance policy allowing you to choose another funeral establishment. Talk with the seller of your prepaid contract and the funeral director of the funeral home you wish to use. Make sure all parties are in agreement and be sure to get a copy of any such agreement in writing, and contact the insurance company regarding the change.


You are entitled to receive all items shown on the contract at no additional charge, if the terms of the contract have been met. There may be additional charges for items that are not part of the prepaid contract. These may include cemetery fees, such as lowering equipment, opening and closing the grave, and burial vaults. You should discuss with the seller items that are not covered.


If a funeral home that sold trust funded prepaid funeral benefit contracts goes out of business, or misappropriates prepaid funds, what happens would depend on whether the funeral home was a licensed seller or not. If the funeral home held a valid permit when the prepaid funeral contracts were sold, the Texas Department of Banking would take over the contracts and find a subsequent provider. Any shortages to the fund would be covered by the Prepaid Funeral Guarantee Fund. However, if the funeral home was an unlicensed seller, the Texas Department of Banking will take actions in coordination with the local District Attorney to try to recover the prepaid funds through restitution. The purchaser can suffer a financial loss in this situation because the Prepaid Funeral Guarantee Fund can not be used.


If you have additional questions regarding prepaid funerals, please contact:

Texas Department of Banking, Special Audit Div.,

2601 North Lamar Blvd.,

Austin, TX 78705-4294

(519)475-1290 or 1-877-276-5554, ext. 1290

fax (512) 475-1288,


Prepaid funeral information webpage:


Texas Department of Insurance, Consumer Help Line,

P.O. Box 149091

Austin, TX 78714-9091

(512) 463-6515 or 1-800-252-3439


You may secure additional information regarding mortuary laws in the State of Texas by requesting a complete copy of the Texas Occupations Code, Chapter 651, and the Commission Rules, by contacting the

Texas Funeral Service Commission at

P.O. Box 12217

Capitol Station

Austin, TX 78711

(512) 936-2474 or 1-888-667-4881

fax, (512) 479-5064



Who to contact if you have a complaint against a funeral director or a funeral establishment

First, discuss your problem with the funeral director and/or management of the funeral establishment. If you believe you were not treated fairly the funeral director should be given the opportunity to rectify your complaint. If this is not acceptable, you may provide the facts in writing to:


The Texas Funeral Service Commission. This is the licensing and regulatory agency for all funeral establishments, funeral directors, and embalmers in the State of Texas. A complaint should specify the exact nature and circumstances of the complaint. Allegations are reviewed for a violation of Chapter 651, Texas Occupations Code. If there is not a violation of the Code, you will be notified in writing. Once a complaint is opened for investigation the complaintant is notified every (3) three months until the complaint is resolved. Send complaints to Texas Funeral Service Commission. Enclose copies of all documents you may have received from the funeral establishment.

Transporting the Deceased

Crematory Containers

You have two options for carrying a crematory container with you on your flights:

  • Carry-on: You are allowed to carry-on a crematory container, but it must pass through the x-ray machine.  If the container is made of a material that prevents the screener from clearly being able to see what is inside, then the container will not be allowed through the security checkpoint.  
  • Checked Baggage:  You may transport the urn as checked baggage provided that it is successfully screened.  TSA will screen the urn for explosive materials/devices using a variety of techniques; if cleared, it will be permitted as checked baggage only.

Please note the following additional information:

  • Out of respect for the deceased, the screener may not open the container under any circumstance.
  • Crematory Container Materials:  Crematory containers are made from many different types of materials, all with varying thickness.  At present, TSA cannot state for certain whether your particular crematory container can successfully pass through an x-ray machine.  However, TSA suggests that you purchase a temporary or permanent crematory container made of a lighter weight material such as wood or plastic that can be successfully x-rayed.  The TSA will continue to work with funeral home associations to provide additional guidance in the future.
  • Please check with your air carrier about other restrictions that may apply.

Air Transportation of Deceased - Other methods (e.g. coffins)

Please check with air carrier to determine their policies and procedures

General Information Guide for Families of Offenders

Non-Medical Emergency Absences

A non-medical emergency absence is a privilege granted to an offender who demonstrates trustworthiness and industriousness, and who is considered by TDCJ to be an acceptable security risk for temporary release under escort for a particular period allowed by law. Granting a request for a non-medical emergency absence is a discretionary decision made by TDCJ with public safety being the prime consideration. The offender absent on emergency leave under escort is considered to be in the custody of TDCJ and the offender must be under constant physical guard while absent.

Non-medical emergency absences may be granted to approved offenders for attending the funeral of an immediate family member, visiting a funeral home to view a deceased immediate family member, or visiting a critically ill immediate family member. An immediate family member is defined as the offender’s parents, spouse, siblings, half-siblings, and children. Surrogate parents are included if the relationship of the surrogate to the offender is verifiable from established TDCJ files.

Offenders normally will not be approved for a non-medical emergency absence unless they meet strict guidelines. These guidelines include being at least Line Class 1 G3 custody with no major disciplinary penalties during the last 6 months, no disciplinary history of assaults on staff, within 12 months of parole eligibility, in TDCJ custody for 6 months, and having no unresolved pending felony or U.S. Immigration detainer. Additionally the offender must not have been incarcerated in or sentenced to an adult correctional facility for committing, soliciting, attempting, conspiring or aiding others to commit, solicit, attempt, conspire to commit certain offenses to include:

  1. Homicide (Capital Murder; Murder; Voluntary Manslaughter; or any other homicide offense)

  2. Kidnapping (Aggravated Kidnapping; Kidnapping; False Imprisonment; or any other kidnapping offense)

  3. Sex Assault (Rape; Sexual Assault; Sexual Abuse; Aggravated Rape; Aggravated Sexual Abuse; or any other sexual assault offense to include Indecency with a Child)

  4. Robbery (Robbery; Aggravated Robbery; or any other robbery offense)

  5. Assault (Assault; Aggravated Assault; Injury to a Child, Injury to an Elderly Person; or any other assault offense)

  6. Escape (Any escape offense from an adult correctional facility)

  7. Any offense in which the offender used or exhibited a deadly weapon during the commission of the offense or during the immediate flight therefrom and where an affirmative finding on use of a deadly weapon was made by the trial court or jury.

  8. Stalking

State Jail offenders must be at a minimum J2 custody. Offenders must have been in TDCJ custody for six months or for one-third of their sentence, whichever comes first.

All emergency absences are granted under TDCJ escort and must be completed within 24 hours of departing the unit/facility. Emergency absences requiring an overnight stay may not be granted and no out-of-state emergency absences will be granted. An offender may be released on emergency absence 2 times during a 12-month period.

Emergency absence requests should be directed by the attending physician or funeral home director to Classification and Records via FAX at 936-437-8721.